We have temporarily disabled placing holds on physical materials. Instead, you can save the title to your For Later list.
All library facilities are closed indefinitely as of Tuesday, March 17 due to safety concerns during the COVID-19 pandemic. Outreach services (including bookmobile stops) have been suspended. Book donations will not be accepted until further notice.
The Hard Hand of War, first published in 1996, explores the Union army's policy of destructive attacks upon Southern property and civilian morale - how it evolved, what it was like in practice. From an initial policy of deliberate restraint, extending even to the active protection of Southerners' property and constitutional rights, Union armies gradually adopted measures that subjected civilians to the burdens of war. Yet the ultimate 'hard war' policy was far from the indiscriminate fury of legend. Union policy makers emphasised a program of directed severity, and Grimsley demonstrates how and why it worked. Through comparisons with earlier European wars and through the testimony of Union soldiers and Southern civilians alike, he shows that Union soldiers exercised restraint even as they made war against the Confederate civilian population.